Cross-Sectoral Sustainability Forum


We curate this growing collection of articles, policy documents, databases and more to encourage exploration, so go for it!

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Climate Watch

Open data, visualizations and analysis to help policymakers, researchers and other stakeholders gather insights on countries’ climate progress.

International Finance Corporation

A report on best practices in environmental disclosure policies, based on an examination of 101 policies across developed and developing economies. The report, developed in consultation with the United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative (UN SSE), highlights opportunities for high-quality regulatory reform.


A report exploring what a verification framework for impact reporting should look like and how it can work in practice, developed in partnership with Impact Frontiers (a peer learning and market-building collaboration for asset managers and asset owners), including a pilot project to test the verification methodology.

United Nations Global Compact

A brief for businesses addressing the roles of finance in advancing a just transition. It draws from recent developments to illustrate what is possible, while calling on key financial actors to develop and realize this potential.

US Environmental Protection Agency

The landing page for the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund, created by the Inflation Reduction Act. This first-of-its-kind program will provide competitive grants to mobilize financing and leverage private capital for clean energy and climate projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions – with an emphasis on projects that benefit low-income and disadvantaged communities.

United Nations Global Compact

A brief for businesses laying out a vision for a transition to net-zero emissions and climate resilience which is orderly, inclusive, and just, creates decent work opportunities, and leaves no one behind. It includes priority actions for businesses, guidance for operationalization, and a resource guide.

Principles for Responsible Investment

Resources for investors relating to corporate political engagement, including a report on the importance for investors of, and principles for promoting, portfolio companies’ responsible political engagement; a report on trends, challenges, and the role of investors; and a database of corporate political engagement regulations and instruments.

European Union Platform on Sustainable Finance

A proposed structure for a social taxonomy in the European Union, with the aim of directing capital to socially valuable activities, particularly relevant in the context of EU legislation on sustainable finance and sustainable governance.

Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility

A statement from institutional investors representing nearly $4.3 trillion USD in assets under management which calls on companies, investors, and policymakers to ensure a just transition to net-zero that supports a racially and economically equitable, decarbonized economy by prioritizing “high-road” jobs, respect for human rights, positive community impacts, and the remediation of harms.

Environmental Finance

A review of 2021 developments and an outlook for 2022 in the green, social, and sustainability bond markets.

Impact Entrepreneur

An essay clarifying the distinction between sustainability, which pertains to impacts vis-à-vis ecological ceiling and social foundation thresholds, and ESG, which centers enterprise risk and value.

Impact Taskforce

Summary conclusions of the Impact Taskforce, an industry-led taskforce invited by the UK’s G7 Presidency to answer the question of how best to increase the volume and effectiveness of private impact capital, including an overview of the two technical workstreams (in separate reports) on impact transparency, integrity, and harmonisation, and on investing towards the SDGs and a just transition.

Impact Management Platform

Successor to the Impact Management Project, the Impact Management Platform is a collaboration between leading providers of public good standards and guidance for managing sustainability impacts.

International Finance Corporation

A web-based hazard mapping and resilience assessment framework for the building sector, designed to facilitate access to location-specific hazard information, provide resilience measures to mitigate applicable risks, and improve transparency for disclosing a building’s resilience information between sector stakeholders.

Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, LSE

Global database of climate laws, policies, and litigation cases.

Rocky Mountain Institute

A guide to the role and proper design of financial mechanisms in the transition out of coal.

Sabin Center for Climate Change Law

US and non-US climate change litigation databases, with newly launched Peer Review Network, maintained by Columbia University Sabin Center for Climate Change Law.

Resources for the Future, Environmental Defense Fund

Analysis of public policies and programs to promote fairness for workers and communities in the low-carbon transition, including a synthesizing report with lessons from over 100 US federal policies and programs.

United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative

A detailed user guide for financial institutions looking to understand climate stress testing and develop plans for effectively executing them.

APG, AustralianSuper, British Columbia Investment Management Corporation, PGGM, Qontigo

An asset-owner led platform to improve standardization and efficiency in sustainable development investments (investments contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals).

Net-Zero Knowledge Hub

This interactive map visualizes the change between each government’s revised pledge (for COP26) and its previous commitment, based on estimated further reductions in 2030 greenhouse gas emissions.

International Energy Agency

These twelve recommendations are intended to guide policymakers in the incorporation of social and economic considerations in the low-carbon energy transition, and are arranged into four categories: decent jobs and worker protection; social and economic development; equity, social inclusion, and fairness; and people as active participants.

Financial Stability Oversight Council

This report review current efforts of FSOC members to incorporate climate-related financial risk into their regulatory and supervisory activities, enhance climate-related disclosures, and assess climate-related risks to US financial stability. It also includes recommendations relating to building capacity to address climate-related risks, filling climate-related data and methodological gaps, enhancing public climate-related disclosures, and assessing and mitigating climate-related risks.

Phenomenal World

An assessment of climate finance in the context of the global financial architecture.

Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, LSE

This report sets out what the delivery of a just transition in the UK will require, highlights initial efforts by leading financial institutions towards achieving a just transition, and points to what is needed to achieve system-wide change. While the Alliance and this report focus on the UK, the report also draws out implications and possible applications for the international context.

ShareAction Workforce Disclosure Initiative

Guidance for corporate disclosure of workforce practices for the ShareAction Workforce Disclosure Initiative survey.

US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

‘Science & information for a climate-smart nation’: including news, maps, data, teaching tools, and a Climate Resilience Toolkit.

The White House

A comprehensive, government-wide strategy to measure, disclose, manage and mitigate the systemic risks climate change poses to American families, businesses, and the economy.

Climate Action 100+

A summary of the Net-Zero Company Benchmark from Climate Action 100+, which provides guidance about investor expectations of focus companies in relation to the three high-level initiative goals and evaluates company ambition and action in tackling climate change, including as it relates to a just transition.

Institutional Limited Partners Association

A framework for standardized ESG metrics for private equity, covering Scopes 1 and 2 GHG emissions, renewable energy, board diversity, work-related injuries, net new hires, and employee engagement.

World Meteorological Organization

By unpacking the interconnections between the WMO climate indicators and the SDGs through clear visual maps, this report aims to contribute to the sustainable development agenda and to inspire leaders to take bolder climate action. The report also unpacks the latest data and scientific research on the state of the global climate to highlight how our climate is already changing and how the changes will impede the achievement of the SDGs.

Investment Consultants Sustainability Working Group – US

A collaboration among investment consulting firms to engage with its collective stakeholders, and empower asset owners and their ultimate beneficiaries, to advance sustainable investment practices across the investment industry.

Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership

These reports provide a tour of the assumptions and approaches behind existing methods for understanding and comparing climate performance of investment funds, and introduces a simple and transparent disclosure method that enables investment managers to report the alignment of their portfolios with the Paris ambition.

Indigenomics Insitute

An Indigenous economic advisory for public governments, Indigenous communities, and the private sector.

International Energy Agency

A report measuring global recovery plans, and effects on emissions, against the clean energy investment targets in the 2020 Sustainable Recovery Plan, co-developed by the International Energy Agency and the International Monetary Fund as a plan to set global emissions on a Paris-compliant trajectory.


A think tank that provides data and analysis on how business and finance are affecting the climate crisis. This includes both a database of business and trade association lobbying of climate policy around the globe, as well as metrics and analysis on asset managers’ effects, through both portfolio allocation and stewardship/active ownership.

Finance for Biodiversity Initiative

The Greenness of Stimulus Index (GSI) represents an analysis of the biodiversity and climate impacts aspects of governments’ economic rescue and recovery packages.

European Union Platform on Sustainable Finance

A report from the Platform’s Social Taxonomy Subgroup on the development of a Social Taxonomy for the EU, to complement the existing environmental taxonomy. The report covers the context and rationale for including a social dimension in the EU’s taxonomy, and addresses conceptual and technical issues particular to the social dimension of sustainable finance.

Sabin Center for Climate Change Law and Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

A thematically organized repository of scientific information relevant to climate litigation and policy-making.

Natural Capital Finance Alliance

Exploring Natural Capital Opportunities, Risks and Exposure: a tool to help users understand and visualize dependencies and impacts on nature, and how these might represent business risks.

Phenomenal World

A historical analysis of capital and labor shares of income in the US and the role of monetary policy.

United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative

A tool to holistically identify and assess impacts of real estate investments and portfolios, based on internationally recognized standards and work from the UNEP FI Positive Impact Initiative.

Rainforest Action Network

A report analyzing fossil fuel financing from the world’s 60 largest commercial investment banks and assessing the current wave of bank committments to reduce their financial emissions to “net-zero by 2050.”

Institute for Agriculture & Trade Policy

Organization working locally and globally at the intersection of policy and practice to ensure fair and sustainable food, farm, and trade systems.

Municipal Services Project

A global research network exploring alternatives to privatization and commercialization of service provision in electricity, health, water, and sanitation. Covers both critiques of privatization and analysis of successful public service delivery models.

Harvard Business Review

An article outlining the limitations of sustainability reporting in achieving a more sustainable economy and society, and a set of recommended priorities, including in public policy.

Center for American Progress

A review of the SEC’s history and mission, and its scope of authority for requiring issuer disclosures. This authority is centered on but not confined to financially material information, even as the scope of material information is contextual, evolving, and expanding.


Open data platform covering impact companies, investors, deals, people, and services.

Académie royal de Belgique

A research case for beginning from system-level sustainability objectives when designing investment strategies, and translating this to individual investments, rather than a bottom-up approach which can fail to account for system-level effects.


Behavioral scientists focused on social impact in the development of policies, programs, products, and services. Assist practitioners in building capacity, applying innovative approaches, and measuring impact.

US Impact Investing Alliance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

A report, with case studies, on emerging sources of community investment capital and strategies to direct it at scale.

World Economic Forum

A white paper that is intended to serve as a resource for policymakers and businesses interested in economic and social progress. The paper covers fiscal and monetary policy, jobs and wages, education and skills, equity and social justice, new markets and frontier risks.


A purpose-driven technology company dedicated to catalyzing bold climate action through hyperlocal measurement and analysis of greenhouse gases and air quality.

LSE Grantham Institute and SOAS Centre for Sustainable Finance

A guide for operationalizing climate-neutrality in central banking, covering strategy, financial regulation, monetary policy, portfolio management, just transition, and more.

Harvard Business School

A framework for incorporating monetized enterprise impact on human, social, and natural capital into financial statements.

US Senate

A blueprint for economic renewal backed by a movement of movements, including unions, racial justice, climate, and other grassroots groups

Principles for Responsible Investment

A list of UN PRI’s 2021 policy priorities in the US, including across financial regulation, executive offices and authorities, and multilateral efforts.

Urban Institute

A database and interactive tool for comparison of capital investment flows between 2005 and 2019 across geographies (cities, states, and counties), and from a range of sources including private, federal, and mission.

US President

President Biden’s comprehensive executive order to support disclosures of climate-related financial risks, and initiate an investment strategy with both public and private resources to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. The order touches on financial regulators, pension funds, federal procurement, and more.

International Energy Agency

A roadmap for the global energy sector to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050.

United Nations Development Program

A framework for measuring impact against the Sustainable Development Goals, currently covering bonds, private equity, and enterprises.

Principles for Responsible Investment

A database that documents existing and in progress sustainable finance policies around the world.

Boston University School of Law

Analysis of the causes behind the mispricing of climate risks, the mechanisms by which this mispricing hinders mitigation and adaptation, and the government interventions, including mandatory climate disclosures, which are necessary for managing climate risks.

Inter-American Development Bank, IDB Invest

A digital tool that brings greater transparency to Latin America and the Caribbean green bond market to support growth in green financing for the region.

United Steelworkers

A call for thorough disclosure of ExxonMobile’s political spending, including ‘dark money’ through 501(c)(4) organizations.

Climate and Community Project; Democracy Collaborative

A report outlining a vision for New York Power Authority as an instrument for climate justice.

American Purpose

An opinion from Francis Fukuyama on the implications of including non-economic objectives, which add a further layer of rules and checkoffs, in the infrastructure bill.

Nonprofit Quarterly

An article discussing the importance of community asset maps and how the process of asset mapping can contribute to the (re)creation of community connections.

Securities and Exchange Commission

An SEC examination of ESG investing by registered investment companies and pooled investment vehicles, finding inconsistent practices and procedures, weak compliance controls, and potentially misleading claims regarding ESG approaches.

US President

Biden’s agenda for job creation through investment in infrastructure, manufacturing, and affordable housing. Digital, water, electric, and electric vehicle infrastructure are all targeted, and it includes a vision for the Clean Energy Accelerator.

Principles for Responsible Investment

A guide which introduces the topic of stewardship, also known as active ownership, explaining its importance and relevance in the context of responsible investment, in particular with respect to the PRI’s Principle 2.


An article covering the implications of focusing the collective financial attention on risk disclosure over impact.

DFI Transparency Initiative

This report assesses the transparency of environmental and social (E&S) policies and disclosure of development finance institutions.

Council for Inclusive Capitalism

A framework for building a more Inclusive Capitalism that ensures the promise of economic security and prosperity is available to all, focusing on three pillars: creating more opportunities for the workforce, expanding the workforce, and enabling fair gainsharing for workers.

Global Financial Markets Center at Duke Law

A framework for updating securities regulation to better meet the needs of investors and society, covering public accountability in private markets, sustainability disclosures, stakeholder rights, the scope of fiduciary duties, and more.

Value Balancing Alliance

An alliance of multinational companies that aims to translate environmental and social impacts into comparable financial data.

Impact Investing Institute

A Learning Hub for professional organizations and individuals that want to learn more about impact investing and integrating impact into portfolios.

Little Cloud Collective

A multidisciplinary collective of designers and technologists that create a platform for public collaboration and social good.

National Low Income Housing Coalition

A database and interactive tool for understanding the affordable housing shortage in the US.

U.S. Impact Investing Alliance

A policy platform centered on community investing and stakeholder capitalism aimed at empowering impact investors to confront social and environmental challenges.


A report on financial institutions’ role in climate change, with a focus on their financed portfolios in contrast to operational emissions.


The Green Values Calculator compares the performance, costs, and benefits of Green Infrastructure to conventional stormwater practices.


The Housing + Transportation Affordability Index provides a comprehensive view of affordability that includes both the cost of housing and the cost of transportation at the neighborhood level.

Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors

An implementation guide for impact investing practitioners, covering a review of the market, goals, tools, measurement and management, and best practices.

Phenomenal World

An ‘origin story’ of the Federal Reserve, which also draws insights regarding the modern-day institution’s political economy, governance, and potential as a policy instrument.

Roosevelt Institute

A vision for creating a more fair and sustainable economic system in the US, anchored in a plan to reform corporate governance, especially in relation to workers.


An invitation and roadmap to help companies understand and address their impact on racial equity, covering three domains: inside the company, in the communities where they conduct business, and at the broader societal level.

Principles for Responsible Investment

A database documenting existing and in-progress sustainable finance policies around the world.

Shaper Impact Capital

A community-led volunteer project that aims to connect impact investors, angels, and impact funds with curated social impact startups and social enterprises that are looking to further their impact.

Impact Alpha

Multi-channel digital media platform focused on impact investment and enterprise.

Duke University

Duke University’s intellectual hub for impact investing

Corporate Leaders Group Europe, Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership

Seeking to inform policy and business actions in response
to changes in employment and skills demand, this report
describes the labour market impacts of the transition
to a climate neutral Europe in the context of four key
megatrends: technological change, globalisation, demographic change, and resource scarcity.

Institutional Investor

A description of how a siloed ESG approach, in which analysis of societal impact is divorced from analysis of competitive strategy and growth, misses important sources of competitive advantage.

Shaper Impact Capital

A community-led volunteer project, an impact investor newsletter, and a grassroots, decentralized network that helps to connect thousands of startups with social impact, with thousands of impact investors and angels, globally.

US Impact Investing Alliance, Beeck Center, New York Fed

Guiding Principles to guide stakeholders of all kinds in Opportunity Zone activities, alongside a flexible Reporting Framework to support impact measurement and management.

Resources for the Future

A review of the social cost of carbon, from a basic definition to the history of its use in policy analysis.


An ESG and impact analytics platform designed for private equity.

Proof of Impact

A data intelligence platform that aims to make impact data accessible and dynamic.

The Predistribution Initiative

A multi-stakeholder effort to improve investment structures so that workers and communities gain more from economic growth, ESG integration is incentivized, and systemic risks like climate change and income equality are addressed.

Next System Project, The Democracy Collaborative

A review of participatory budgeting, with examples.

International Finance Corporation

A bird’s-eye view of the impact investing market, covering key challenges and opportunities, and topics such as regulation, transparency, and measurement.

Urban Institute

A guide to the policy tools state and local governments can use to steer impact capital toward public interest objectives, including in affordable housing, social enterprise, and environmental interventions.

Securities and Exchange Commission

A call for the SEC and lawmakers to bring more transparency and accountability to index funds.

Resources for the Future

A brief exploring the options available for policymakers to implement a clean energy standard at the state or federal level based on previous attempts, optimal design, and current political opportunities.

Initiative for Responsible Investment & The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and Environment

A guide for investor action on climate change and the just transition

Harvard University Initiative for Responsible Investment

An examination of National Advisory Boards (NABs) as multi-sector platforms to promote the practice and efficacy of impact investing within national and regional contexts.

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

This note provides general guidance on a Human Rights-Based Approach to Data (HRBAD), with a focus on issues of data collection and disaggregation.

European network on debt and development

A guide to institutional design, with case studies, for public development banks, covering mandate and role, operational strategy, financial sustainability, and good governance.

International Finance Corporation

Home page of the DFI Working Group on Enhanced Blended Concessional Finance for Private Sector Projects. The Working Group, which promotes the adoption of blended finance principles to ensure a disciplined approach to concessional finance, publishes annual reports analyzing the state of play in global blended finance.

Harvard’s Initiative for Responsible Investment, Principles for Responsible Investment

An analysis of the risks that economic inequality poses to investment portfolios, and four potential actions investors can take with respect to economic inequality.

US Fish & Wildlife Service

Guidelines to evaluate and address potential negative effects of wind energy projects on species of concern.

Insight at Pacific Community Ventures & the Initiative for Responsible Investment at Harvard University

A report examining the role of the public policy in unlocking institutional investment for impact.

United National Human Rights High Commissioner

Guidelines for implementing the United Nations “Protect, Respect, and Remedy” framework with respect to human rights and the duties of governments and corporations.

Public Banking Institute

An initiative to spread awareness of the power of public banking and to support efforts to create public banks at every level of government.

Southwest Network for Environmental and Economic Justice

Guiding democratic principles for organizing among diverse stakeholders, created during a 1996 working group meeting on globalization and trade.

Climate Justice Alliance

Seventeen principles of environmental justice drafted and adopted by the first national People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit in 1991 in DC

United Nations General Assembly

A milestone document in the history of human rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights represents a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations, setting out fundamental human rights to be universally protected.